1. Understanding Codice Fiscale

Introduction: The codice fiscale is an essential element of life in Italy, as it is required for many transactions and procedures. In this article, we will explain what a codice fiscale is, how it is calculated, and why it is necessary.

What is codice fiscale in Italy?

The codice fiscale is a tax identification number used in Italy. It is similar to a Social Security Number in the United States or a National Insurance Number in the United Kingdom. This unique identifier is assigned to individuals (both Italian citizens and foreign residents) and is used for tax purposes, as well as for various administrative and bureaucratic procedures in Italy. The codice fiscale is issued by the Italian Revenue Agency (Agenzia delle Entrate) and consists of 16 alphanumeric characters.

How is the codice fiscale calculated?

The codice fiscale is calculated using an individual’s personal information, including their full name, date of birth, and place of birth. The first six characters of the codice fiscale are derived from the individual’s last name and first name. The next two characters represent the year of birth, followed by one character for the month, and two characters for the day of birth. The next four characters are based on the individual’s place of birth, and the final character is a control digit that is calculated using the previous 15 characters.

Why do I need a codice fiscale to buy property in Italy?

A codice fiscale is required for various transactions and procedures in Italy, including buying property. When purchasing real estate in Italy, the codice fiscale is used to identify the buyer in the property registry and for tax purposes. Without a valid codice fiscale, it is not possible to complete the property purchase process. Additionally, having a codice fiscale is essential for signing contracts, opening a bank account, and accessing public services in Italy.

Why do I need a codice fiscale?

The codice fiscale is a fundamental identifier for individuals in Italy. It is required for a wide range of activities, including tax filing, accessing healthcare services, enrolling in schools or universities, and signing employment contracts. The codice fiscale is also necessary for various administrative and bureaucratic procedures, such as registering a vehicle or getting a driver’s license. In essence, the codice fiscale is a key document for living and working in Italy.

What is the difference between codice fiscale and partita IVA?

The codice fiscale is a tax identification number assigned to individuals, while the partita IVA (VAT number) is assigned to businesses and self-employed professionals. Both numbers are used for tax purposes, but they serve different functions. The codice fiscale is used for personal identification and tax filing, while the partita IVA is used for business transactions, invoicing, and VAT reporting. It is important to note that self-employed individuals in Italy may have both a codice fiscale and a partita IVA.

Can I use my codice fiscale as proof of identity?

The codice fiscale itself is not a valid form of identification in Italy. It is primarily used for tax and administrative purposes. However, individuals can obtain a plastic codice fiscale card that includes their name, date of birth, place of birth, and codice fiscale number. This card can be used as proof of the codice fiscale number but is not considered a valid identity document. For identification purposes, individuals should use a valid passport, identity card, or driver’s license.


Understanding the codice fiscale is crucial for anyone planning to live, work, or invest in Italy. This unique identifier is required for a wide range of activities, from buying property to accessing healthcare services. The codice fiscale plays a fundamental role in the Italian tax system and is an essential part of life in Italy.

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